South Arabia, Kingdom of Sheba, 1/4 Drachm

Through trade, people of the Arab desert came in contact with the refined Greek culture. This was the reason why the Sabaeans minted their coins according to the Athenian currency, which was in circulation all over the Greek world at that time. As a weight standard, the Sabaeans adopted Persian units. Our quarter drachm was minted during the 3rd or 2nd centuries BC – long after the legendary Queen of Sheba's visit to Israel, which is said to have taken place about 950 BC. The coin shows the head of the goddess Athena on the obverse and the owl, Athena's attribute, on the reverse.