United States of America, 20 Cents 1875

Miss Liberty, the American personification of freedom, is a close relative of the Roman Libertas. Her attribute is the pileus. This ancient headgear comes originally from Phrygia, and is thus also called a Phrygian cap. It is easily recognizable from its rounded tip pulled forward. Such caps are worn on the occasion of public festivals in Phrygia and symbolize liberty. Later, they are given to Roman slaves at their manumission. At the time of the Renaissance, the pileus is slightly changed into a beret, which is later to become the symbol of the Basque independence movement. During the French Revolution the pileus becomes the symbol of the revolutionaries. It is depicted on coins of diverse republics until this day.