Austrian Empire, Franz Joseph I, 20 Kronen 1910

In 1892, Emperor Francis Joseph (1848-1916) introduced a monetary reform: He replaced the silver gulden with the gold crown. The new currency was not only for the first time based on the gold standard, but also decimally subdivided. 1 crown held 100 hellers. The names crown (German krone) and heller were only used in the Austrian part of Francis Joseph's realm, however. The Emperor was the head of a dual monarchy, which along with Austria also comprised Hungary. In the Hungarian half, the new currency was called corona and filler respectively. To avoid confusion, the Austrian-Hungarian money therefore bore merely Latin inscriptions or no text at all.